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Student Disability Laws

Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA)

Guarantees equal opportunity in employment, public accommodations, transportation, state and local government services, and telecommunications for individuals with disabilities. This provision is based on the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. On July 26, 1992, the Act became applicable to businesses employing twenty-five or more persons and on July 26, 1994 it became applicable to employers of fifteen or more. The ADA is enforced by several agencies depending on the individual provision. Employment provisions are enforced by the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.

ADA Amendments Act of 2008 (ADAAA)
The ADAAA emphasizes that the definition of disability should be construed in favor of broad coverage of individuals to the maximum extent permitted by the terms of the ADA and generally shall not require extensive analysis. Employment provisions are enforced by the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.

Sections 503 and 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
Section 503 requires any employer with a federal contract of $2,500 or more to take affirmative action to employ and advance in employment qualified disabled persons. Section 503 is enforced by the Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs and the U.S. Department of Labor.

Section 504 prohibits discrimination against qualified disabled persons in programs or activities receiving federal financial assistance. Sections 504 is enforced by the Office for Civil Rights and the U.S. Department of Education.