Restricted Parties & Countries of Concern
Certain organizations and individuals are subject to sanctions, embargoes, and other restrictions under U.S. law. Before you transact with any person or organization, use the screening tool at http://apps.export.gov/csl-search to ensure they are not a blocked or sanctioned entity.
Please contact firstname.lastname@example.org with any questions on screening or if the person or organization searched is listed as a restricted party.
The Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) is responsible for enforcing all U.S.embargoes and sanction programs. Depending on each country’s embargo or sanction program, different activities may or may not be prohibited without a specific government authorization or license.
For information on controls for all countries, see the Commerce Country Chart published by the Bureau of Industry and Security. For information on foreign nationals, vessels, or other entities, use the OFAC Sanctions List Search resource published by the Department of the Treasury.
The OFAC sanction programs can be generalized into three categories:
- “Comprehensive” – ALL interactions and activities are prohibited, including exporting to, importing from, financial transactions of any kind, and/or providing services of any kind. While essentially all interactions with comprehensively sanctioned countries are prohibited, there is an exception for informational materials that allows certain transactions to occur.
- “Limited” – Under limited sanctions programs only some activities (e.g., importation of items) are prohibited.
- “Regime or List-Based” – Regime or List-Based sanctions are targeted against specific individuals identified by the Treasury Department and referred to as Specially Designated Nationals (SDNs) or are targeted against specific groups of people usually associated with a governmental body or regime.
For an updated list of currently sanctioned countries and programs see the OFAC Sanctions Programs and Country Information.
For information on controls and reasons for the controls for each country, see the Commerce Country Chart published by the Bureau of Industry and Security.
Going to an embargoed country?
The Department of Treasury, Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) broadly regulates and restricts interactions with embargoed countries. Regulations vary depending on the country or region and change frequently due to economic policy and national security. But the most comprehensive controls apply to: Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan, and Syria. Most travel and transactions require an export license to these destinations which can affect your research and educational relations.
Additionally, travel to certain countries, while not prohibited, should have special considerations for security risk. China and Russia travelers may experience a range of cyber security issues that deserve mention.
For more information on a specific country:
Travel to the People’s Republic of China or the Russian Federation is not prohibited. However, cyber security is a large concern. U.S. travelers are believed to be priority targets for cyber-attack, particularly if they are known to be engaged in classified or proprietary research in a STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) discipline. Electronic devices taken may be subject to involuntary governmental review and even complete duplication. They may also be successfully attacked and compromised without the user even knowing.
China does not allow the import of encrypted devices per the State Council Directive No. 273, Regulations on the Administration of Commercial Encryption. This regulation banned foreign encryption products, deemed all commercial encryption standards a state secret, and required that commercial encryption only be produced and sold by government authorities. An example of prohibited encryption is Virtual Private Network (VPN).
Russia has similar restrictions on the import of encrypted devices. Russia also requires advance approval to bring in satellite telephones. Global Positioning System (GPS) and other radio electronic devices, and their use, are subject to special rules and regulations in Russia.
- Send any sensitive messages via email or access sensitive data.
- Open attachments, click unknown links, connect unknown USB devices or CDs.
- Use USB-based public battery charging stations; the USB interface to your device they may allow the charging station to do more than just provide power.
- Purchase new hardware while traveling; Do not purchase or download any new software.
- Have any of your electronic devices “repaired” or “worked-on” while abroad.
- Ensure your system is fully patched and has all institutionally recommended security software installed.
- Be aware your internet activity may be monitored.
- Power down your device whenever possible.
- Upon return, have your device inspected for compromise before hooking in to the Vanderbilt network.
If arrested, taken into custody, or interrogated, do not make any statements or sign any documents, particularly if they are written in a language you don’t know. Ask to have the U.S. Embassy or Consulate notified of your detention at once.
If you are considering travel to China or Russia, contact Vanderbilt Export Control as soon as possible to get an export control review of your plans and the types of items you would like to take so we can determine if any licenses would be required.
Although travel to Cuba is a hot topic in the news, it is still prohibited under most circumstances by U.S. State Department regulations. The recent change provides an exception under the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) general license for
“Full time professionals whose travel transactions are directly related to attendance at professional meetings or conferences in Cuba organized by an international professional organization, institution, or association that regularly sponsors such meetings or conferences in other countries. The organization, institution, or association sponsoring the meeting may not be headquartered in the U.S. unless it has been specifically licensed to sponsor the meeting.”
It is very important that you check with OFAC to ensure that your conference or business purpose qualifies under the general license and/or a specific license. In addition, it is very important to note that while you may be authorized under the general license to travel to Cuba this does not automatically allow for the import of certain types of goods and or the provision of services. Additionally, there may be specific license requirements for equipment that you might need to take (e.g., laptop computers, cell phones, flash drives, other wireless/encryption technology, and other items). Cuban FAQs.
If you are considering travel to Cuba, contact Vanderbilt Export Control as soon as possible to get an export control review of your plans and the types of items you would like to take so we can determine if any licenses would be required.
Here is a link to the OFAC summary information on travel restrictions to Cuba along with information on who to contact if you have questions or need additional information.
Travel to Iran is not prohibited. However, prohibited transactions include exportation, re-exportation, sale or supply of goods, technology, or services to Iran. “Services” is broadly construed to mean providing anything of value, even if no money is exchanged.
Examples might be:
Providing technical assistance to an Iranian national in Iran or an Iranian institution
Providing unpublished data or research results to a person or institution in Iran
Teaching or lecturing as a guest of an institution in Iran
Conducting surveys and interviews inside Iran
OFAC publishes country-specific guidance on regulatory interpretation, but such guidance is not comprehensive. The Iranian Sanctions are updated frequently through publications to the Federal Register. If you are contemplating a collaboration with or research in Iran there may be licensing requirements. Licensing for Iran will take months to obtain approval and shipments or research timelines may be impacted.
General Don'ts regarding Iran:
Provide technical assistance or analysis to Iranian nationals that reside in Iran or to Iranian institutions that would constitute a “service” without an OFAC license.
Travel to Iran and bring anything other than personal belongings (note that if personal belongings include a controlled item, the item would still require a license) or equipment covered by an OFAC license. University owned equipment or material may require a specific export license.
Import from Iran or Export to Iran (apart from personal items you bring for personal use during travel) anything outside of informational materials or humanitarian donations without an OFAC license.
Transfer funds to Iranian financial institution or to an individual or entity on one of the government restricted party lists.
If you are considering travel to Iran, contact Vanderbilt Export Control as soon as possible to get an export control review of your plans and the types of items you would like to take so we can determine if any licenses would be required.
Travel to North Korea is generally not prohibited but if you plan to travel to North Korea, it is strongly recommended to consult the U.S. Department of State travel web page regarding such travel.
General Don’ts regarding North Korea:
U.S. persons are generally prohibited from engaging in transactions or dealings involving persons whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to North Korea-related authorities.
Although OFAC does not prohibit exports to North Korea per se, exports of goods and services to North Korea are generally subject to export controls administered by other agencies, including the Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS). A license is required for the export or re-export to North Korea of almost all items (all items subject to the EAR other than food or medicines designated as EAR99).
Here is a link to the OFAC summary information on the North Korea sanctions program. If you are planning to travel to North Korea, you must consult the University’s Export Control Officer to determine if any licenses would be required.
Travel to Sudan is not prohibited. However, many transactions, including the provision of certain services, is prohibited or requires a license.
The following transactions are allowed under a General License:
donations of articles intended to relieve human suffering, such as food, clothing, and medicine;
the importation from and exportation to Sudan of information and informational materials whether commercial or otherwise, regardless of format or medium of transmission;
certain academic and professional exchanges with Sudan.
General Don'ts regarding Sudan:
- The importation to and exportation from the U.S. of goods and services is generally prohibited. Specifically, the following is prohibited:
The importation of goods and services of Sudanese origin;
The exportation and re-exportation to Sudan of goods, technology, or services from the U.S. or by a U.S. person;
The performance by a U.S. person of any contract in support of an industrial, commercial, public utility, or governmental project in Sudan
Note that on July 9, 2011, Southern Sudan gained its independence, becoming the new Republic of South Sudan, and was formally recognized by the United States Government. As of July 9, 2011, therefore, the Republic of South Sudan is no longer subject to the Sudanese Sanctions Regulations
Here is a link to the OFAC summary information on the Sudan sanctions program. If you are planning to travel to/research in Sudan, you must consult the University’s Export Control Officer to determine if any licenses would be required.
Travel to Syria is generally allowed although not advised. If you are planning to travel to Syria, please consult the U.S. Department of State website.
General Don’ts regarding Syria:
- You cannot directly or indirectly export, re-export, sell or supply any services to Syria with the exception of exports and re-exports of services in support of humanitarian and other not-for-profit activities in Syria by U.S. and third-country non-governmental organizations.
Here is a link to the OFAC summary information on the Syria sanctions program. If you are planning to travel to/research in Syria, you must consult the University’s Export Control Officer to determine if any licenses would be required.